BayoTech Hydrogen and Ammonia Production

Hydrogen

The use of Hydrogen consumes 12% of the world’s production of natural gas. The primary consumers are for ammonia or for refineries. BayoTech’s hydrogen production is possibly the most efficient producer of hydrogen in the world. Compact in design and footprint. The hydrogen system uses BayoTech’s patented Nested-Flow reactors to capture and manage heat and produces hydrogen at the energy value at 90% of the beginning value of natural gas.  Systems range in size from 700 kg/day to any volume required.

The Nested-Flow reactors focus of recovering 95% of the energy of the reaction. Reactants are used to heat product to near the heat of the reaction or the product to heat the reactants approaching the reaction temperature. Thereby reducing the heat required for the reaction to occur. This energy saving feature creates the energy efficiency of the hydrogen reaction.

Scaling the volume is a minimal risk as adding reactors increases production versus increasing the size of the reactor, this innovation minimizes the risk of scale.

Systems can be deployed at the point of consumption eliminating the need and the cost to transport hydrogen. All enabled via Nested-Flow reactors.

Hydrogen Frontal View
 

Ammonia

The production of ammonia has lead to a significant increase in the production of food. Nitrogenous fertilizer and the Green Revolution have lead to food surpluses in the world. This trend will continue in the foreseeable future. The energy requirements for ammonia production are primarily driven by the cost of hydrogen.

The manufacturing of ammonia occurs by combining hydrogen with nitrogen. The nitrogen comes from the atmosphere and the hydrogen comes from a fossil energy source. Primarily natural gas is used to produce the hydrogen and in some cases the source is coal.  The reaction occurs with a catalyst that reduces the energy required to produce ammonia. The process produces gaseous ammonia which is then chilled to remove liquid or anhydrous ammonia. The current reactors for ammonia achieve roughly a 18% yield per pass. The projected yield using BayoTech’s Nested-Flow reactors is 30% yield per pass. This increase in yield is a result of managing the heat of the reaction. Using the heat of the reaction products to warm the reactants entering the reactor. The result is smaller footprint and less energy required to make ammonia. The Nested-Flow rectors provide unparalleled efficiency in producing ammonia with a target of 25 mmbtu’s per ton of ammonia, this compares with 30-32 mmbtu’s in new plants.

Plants can be deployed at the point of consumption. Thereby, eliminating the cost of transportation.

 

Ammonia View from top